Justin Holmgren: Succinctly Garbling and Obfuscating RAM programs

Speaker: Justin Holmgren

Date: Friday, May 01, 2015

Time: 10:30 AM to 12:00 PM Note: all times are in the Eastern Time Zone

Public: Yes

Location: D-463 Star

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Host: Vinod Vaikuntanathan

Contact: Deborah Lehto, 617.324.7303, dlehto@csail.mit.edu

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Reminders to: cis-seminars@csail.mit.edu, seminars@csail.mit.edu

Reminder Subject: TALK: Justin Holmgren: Succinctly Garbling and Obfuscating RAM programs

Abstract: Program obfuscation, and in particular the notion of Indistinguishability Obfuscation (IO) has been shown to
have wide-spread applications in cryptography and beyond. However, current candidate indistinguishability obfuscators
generate programs whose size and runtime are proportional to the circuit representation of the input program --- even for input programs
that are written for RAM machines. This does not allow obfuscated programs to use the capabilities of modern computers.

In this talk, we show how to construct succinct and efficient IO for RAM programs given IO
for circuits. Our techniques involve developing a special "pseudo-information
theoretic" encryption system, and identifying an Oblivious RAM transformation
(ORAM) which is forward secure and whose security follows from simple
invariants. As an intermediate result of independent interest, we obtain a
garbling scheme for RAM programs with better parameters and under weaker
assumptions. A garbling scheme is a method of encoding a RAM program
together with a single input, so that one can evaluate the program, but learn
nothing more than the output value.

This talk is based on joint work with Ran Canetti, Abhishek Jain, and Vinod

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See other events that are part of the Cryptography and Information Security (CIS) Seminar Series 2015.

Created by Deborah Goodwin Email at Tuesday, March 24, 2015 at 2:32 PM.