Lineage calling can identify antibiotic resistant clones within minutes

Speaker: Karel Brinda, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health

Date: Wednesday, April 03, 2019

Time: 11:30 AM to 1:00 PM

Public: Yes

Location: 32-G575

Event Type: Seminar

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Host: Bonnie Berger, CSAIL and Mathematics

Contact: Patrice Macaluso, 617-253-3037, macaluso@csail.mit.edu

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Reminders to: seminars@csail.mit.edu, bioinfo-seminar@lists.csail.mit.edu, bergerlab-core@mit.edu

Reminder Subject: TALK: Lineage calling can identify antibiotic resistant clones within minutes

Surveillance of circulating drug resistant bacteria is essential for healthcare providers to deliver effective empiric antibiotic therapy. However, the results of surveillance may not be available on a timescale that is optimal for guiding patient treatment. Here we present a method for inferring characteristics of an unknown bacterial sample by identifying the presence of sequence variation across the genome that is linked to a phenotype of interest, in this case drug resistance. We demonstrate an implementation of this principle using sequence k-mer content, matched to a database of known genomes. We show this technique can be applied to data from an Oxford Nanopore device in real time and is capable of identifying the presence of a known resistant strain in 5 minutes, even from a complex metagenomic sample. This flexible approach has wide application to pathogen surveillance and may be used to greatly accelerate diagnoses of resistant infections.

Dr. Karel Brinda’s research lies at the intersection of computer science, applied mathematics, biology and epidemiology. He develops methods for rapid prediction of antibiotic resistance from sequencing data and for epidemiological surveillance. Dr. Brinda’s previous work focused on resource-frugal methods for sequence data analysis.

Dr. Brinda is a Research Associate in the Harvard Chan School of Public Health and Harvard Medical School. He received PhD in computer science from Universite Paris-Est, France. Besides bioinformatics, Dr. Brinda also works on methods for automatic generation of tactile maps for blind users.

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Created by Patrice Macaluso Email at Wednesday, March 13, 2019 at 3:39 PM.